The Bengal cat has the appearance of a miniature Jaguar (Yaguareté) or leopard due to its tabby coat. It is the result of crossing a domestic cat with a wild cat. Therefore, it retains the wild spirit of its jungle ancestor, as well as the calm and affection that a domestic cat gives us.
- Scientific name: Felis catus – Prionailurus bengalensis.
- Other names: Bengal, Bengal.
- Country of origin: USA.
- Recognized by: FIFe – CFA – TICA – WCF.
- Size: Great.
- Eye color: Greenish yellow, with black outlines.
- Weight: Between 5 and 9 kilos.
- Character: Hyperactive, curious, sociable, affectionate and playful.
- Exercise: High.
- Troublemaker: High or tall.
- Cleanliness: Little bit.
- Loss of fur: Little bit.
- Life expectancy: 9 to 13 years.
It is the result of crossing a domestic tabby cat, and a native Asian leopard cat. This cross was carried out in the United States in 1963. The choice of the name of the breed comes from the name given scientifically by the mother (Prionailurus bengalensis). What they got was a cat with a leopard-like coat, with an adventurous and wild side like its ancestor, but with the calmness of a domestic cat.
The first three generations that start with Felis Bengalensis as one of the parents are called foundational specimens. It is considered a cat of the Bengal breed only from the fourth generation.
It was recognized as a breed in 1991 by the International Cat Association, and in 1999 by FIFe.
♦ Physical characteristics:
The Bengal cat has heavy bones. It is stocky, strong, and muscular, like its ancestor Felis Bengalensis. To be recognized as a Bengali, it must have a brindle coat, a mottled abdomen and footpads, and a black tip of the tail. The length of its body measures between 25 to 30 centimeters.
- Torso: It is robust, compact, and mottled in color on the abdomen.
- Paws: Strong legs, the hind legs are longer than the front ones.
- Tail: Medium size, thick, and tapers at the tip, which is black.
- Musculature: Muscular and marked.
- Structure: It is wide and slightly triangular.
- Ears: Small (like those of the Asian leopard).
- Eyes: They are separated, almond-shaped, their outline is black, and their interior is greenish-yellow.
- Nose or snout: It has a wide and elongated nose. With prominent and wide jaw. Pronounced cheekbones.
- Guy: Short, soft and close to the body.
- Pattern: Tabby.
- Colors: Ivory, yellow, cream, orange and gold. There are also variations in the color of the spots on the coat that can be: black, cinnamon or chocolate.
It combines a wild look with a loving and sociable personality. It is a very active and curious cat, which likes to investigate the house and other spaces. Due to his hyperactivity he needs to spend time outdoors (garden or terrace), because he loves to jump, run and climb to the highest places.
He is cunning and intelligent, and is constantly alert and observant. His wild instinct will lead him to some mischief.
It has a particular meow, different from that of domestic cats, but similar to that of big cats, since it is short and closed.
♦ Domestic behavior:
He is playful and affectionate, he gets along well with all the members of the family. Befriends other pets (cats, dogs, ferrets).
It will always look for its owner, since the Bengal cat is a faithful companion. She will wait for him at the door when he returns and will sit and snuggle next to him. Their curiosity is such that they will inspect everything within their reach.
Hereditary disorders have not been detected. But if they are more prone to a heart problem called cardiomyopathy than other breeds, as well as feline infectious peritonitis.
Another fact to take into account, very rare, is that you can develop pictures of emotional instability as a result of your wild side. So we must keep in mind that it is necessary that the Bengal cat that we acquire comes from at least four generations of crosses with domestic cats so that the genes of domestication are consolidated.
You need a balanced diet rich in nutrients.
If you want a Bengal cat, it is important that you get it from an official cattery, with the maximum guarantees of purity and health. Since having a wild ancestor you have to make sure that it is docile to introduce it into a family.
Having short hair, the maintenance of the coat is minimal, once a week is recommended. You can pass a cloth through the coat so that the hair is not weighed down.
All Breeds of Cats 2022 (A - Z)
♦ Curiosities of Bengali:
The Bengal cat is a great swimmer, this characteristic comes from the heritage of its wild ancestors, which are great swimmers and fishermen.
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