Abyssinians are elegant, medium-sized cats with defined muscles and short fur. Among its main characteristics, its agility, intelligence and its need for affection from its owners stand out. They are very active so they need high spaces to climb.
They are easily integrated into families with dogs, but not with another feline.
- Scientific name: happy catus
- Other names: Abys, abyssinian cat.
- Country of origin: Ethiopia (Abyssinia) Africa. United Kingdom (Europe).
- Recognized by: FIFe – TICA – CFA – WCF.
- Size: Medium.
- Eye color: Green, make him, copper, gold.
- Weight: Between 5 and 6 kilos.
- Character: Intelligent, active, curious, adventurous, playful and affectionate.
- Exercise: High.
- Troublemaker: Silent.
- Cleanliness: Little bit.
- Fur loss: Little bit.
- Life expectancy: 10 to 15 years.
Its origin is not clear, although the vast majority of experts believe that they come from Abyssinia, now Ethiopia.
It is probable that it was brought in 1860 from Abyssinia, by personnel of a military expedition on its way back to the United Kingdom. There they crossed with cats british shorthair and with oriental races. It was the English who started the Abyssinian cat breeders and took it upon themselves to refine the breed.
It is worth mentioning that the Abyssinian cat has a wild African ancestor and that it has an appearance similar to the mummified cats found in Egypt.
Starting in 1970, litters of long-haired Abyssinian kittens were included in a new breed called Somali, "the somali cat”.
They are one of the most popular breeds in the world, due to registered births.
♦ Physical peculiarities:
Abyssinians are medium-sized cats with a sophisticated appearance. Females are smaller than males and have a fine bone structure.
- Torso: They are medium in size, light, agile and strong.
- Paws: Long, slender legs with developed muscles.
- Tail: Long, thick and bushy.
- Musculature: Well marked muscle mass.
- Structure: Wedge-shaped, that is, almost triangular but not exaggerated. You should have rounded contours and a firm chin.
- Ears: Large, with a wide base, rounded ends and open upwards. Short fur with a small tuft similar to the lynx.
- Eyes: Large and expressive, almond-shaped. They can be gold, copper, green or hazle.
- Nose or snout: It is short and protrudes slightly in accordance with its head, when looking at it from the side or from the front.
- Guy: Smooth, shiny, with a fine texture and short.
- Pattern: Ticking of dark colors interspersed with light colors.
- Colors: (Four traditional colors recognized by feline associations) Ruddy (Brown to orange), Sorrel (Reddish with dark brown markings), Fawn (Cold pinkish cream, with darker ticking).
The Abyssinian cat is very active, especially the female, so she will demand attention and affection from us at all times, since she is not a solitary cat. He is curious and intelligent, a good climber and playful, but also thoughtful enough not to be reckless.
♦ Domestic behavior:
It does not like loneliness, so it will always prefer to be in the same room as its owners. It is a cuddly cat that will become attached to the whole family, and even to the dogs, but not to another cat. Especially if the Abyssinian is a female.
It can live in an apartment, since it is not used to loitering. Although he will explore every corner of your home and keep an eye out the window.
At the same time, it is also a great climber, so you have to keep in mind that it will love high places (furniture, shelves) and green spaces with trees.
There is a hereditary disease (of a recessive nature) that this breed can develop, called pyruvate kinase, and it consists of the lack of this enzyme, which generates anemia. There is a test to detect this disease, so it is important to find out before purchasing a specimen, that the breeder (or hatchery) has done it.
Another fact to keep in mind is an eye problem called progressive retinal atrophy that causes blindness. Also as in many other breeds, there are cases of kidney failure, joint problems, and even neurological problems.
It requires a diet based on abundant protein.
To avoid hereditary diseases, it is necessary that the cat is purchased from a professional breeder and that they provide the necessary documentation or pedigree. For example, in the case of hereditary pyruvate kinase disease, being recessive, the cat could have the genes but not develop it. But if two cats carrying the gene interbreed, the offspring will be deficient in this enzyme. A responsible hatchery should have such information when performing the health examination.
It is recommended at least once a week. Its short coat is easy to care for. Enjoy combing and brushing. By doing this practice several times a week, weakened hair will be removed and we will help keep it clean and, above all, with the shine that characterizes its fur. Another tip to achieve a unique shine is to gently massage it with a damp chamois cloth.
Every 15 days you have to cut the tips of the nails, especially if it is not in continuous contact with the outside.
As for the care of your eyes, you have to clean them with a soft, damp cloth or towel once a week.
Like all breeds of cats, it is also necessary to carry out annual controls, antiparasitic control, and periodic vaccinations.
♦ Curiosities of the Abyssinian:
The Abyssinian is one of the oldest breeds and they gave it that name in the exhibitions that were held in the United Kingdom in the 19th century. These thought they came from Abyssinia, now Ethiopia.
Another interesting fact is that an Abyssinian cat starred in a Disney movie "The cat from outer space" filmed in 1978. The protagonist is an alien Abyssinian cat, whose name is Jake. That he has to crash-land on planet earth and meets a secret organization that wants to capture him.
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